Built Environment Research

& Laboratory

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Journal Papers


*Corresponding author



2018


34. Zhao, X., Liu, W.*, Lai, D., and Chen, Q. Optimal design of an indoor environment by the CFD-based adjoint method with area-constrained topology and cluster analysis. Building and Environment, 2018, 138: 171-180.

33. Lai, D., Chen, C., Liu, W., Shi, Y., and Chen, C. An ordered probability model for predicting outdoor thermal comfort. Energy and Buildings, 2018, 168: 261-271.

32. Liu, W., Zhao, X., and Chen, Q. A novel method for measuring air infiltration rate in buildings. Energy and Buildings, 2018, 168: 309-318.

31. Chen, C., Zhao, B., Lai, D., and Liu, W. A simple method for differentiating direct and indirect exposure to exhaled contaminants in mechanically ventilated rooms. Accepted by Building Simulation, 2018, DOI: 10.1007/s12273-018-0441-0.

30. Liu, W. and Chen, Q. Development of coarse grid generation methods for fast fluid dynamics in simulating indoor airflow. Journal of Building Performance Simulation, 2018, 11(4): 470-484.

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2017


29. Liu, W., You, R., Zhang, Jie., and Chen, Q. Development of a fast fluid dynamics-based adjoint method for the inverse design of indoor environments. Journal of Building Performance Simulation, 2017, 10(3): 326-343.

28. Zhao, X., Liu, W., Liu, S., Zou, Y., and Chen, Q. Inverse design of an indoor environment by using a CFD-based adjoint method with adaptive step size for adjusting design parameters. Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A: Applications, 2017, 71(7): 707-720.

27. Cao, Q., Xu, Q., Liu, W., Lin, C-H., Wei, D., Baughcumb, S., Norrisb, S., and Chen, Q. In-flight monitoring of particle deposition in the environmental control systems of commercial airliners in China. Atmospheric Environment, 2017, 154: 118-128.

26. Liu, Y., Cao, Q., Liu, W., Lin, C.-H., Wei, D., Baughcum, S., Norris, S., Long, Z., Shen, X., and Chen, Q. Numerical modeling of particle deposition in the environmental control systems of commercial airliners on ground. Building Simulation, 2017, 10(2): 265-275.

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2016


25. Liu, W., Jin, M., Chen, C., You, R., and Chen, Q. ­Implementation of a fast fluid dynamics model in OpenFOAM for simulating indoor airflow. Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A: Application, 2016, 69(7): 748-762.

24. Liu, W., Jin, M., Chen, C. and Chen, Q. Optimization of air supply location, size, and parameters in enclosed environments through using a CFD-based adjoint method. Journal of Building Performance Simulation, 2016, 9(2): 149-161.

23. Xue, Y., Liu, W. and Zhai, Z.J. New semi-Lagrangian-based PISO method for fast and accurate indoor environment modeling. Building and Environment, 2016, 105: 236-244.

22. You, R., Liu, W., Chen, J., Lin, C.-H., Wei, D., and Chen, Q. Predicting airflow distribution and contaminant transport in aircraft cabins with a simplified gasper model. Building Performance Simulation, 2016, 9(6): 699-708.

21. You, R., Chen, J., Shi, Z., Liu, W., Lin, C.-H., Wei, D., and Chen, Q. Experimental and numerical study of airflow distribution in an aircraft cabin mockup with a gasper on. Building Performance Simulation, 2016, 9(5): 555-566.

20. Zhang, J., Long, Z., Liu, W., and Chen, Q. Strategy for studying ventilation performance in factories. Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 2016, 16: 442-452.

19. Cao, Q., Liu, Y., Liu, W., Lin, C.-H., Wei, D., Baughcum, S., Norris, S., Shen, X., Long, Z., and Chen, Q. Experimental study of particle deposition in the environmental control systems of commercial airliners. Building and Environment, 2016, 96, 62-71.

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2015


18. Liu, W., Duan, R., Chen, C., Lin, C.-H., and Chen, Q. Inverse design of the thermal environment in an airliner cabin by use of the CFD-based adjoint method. Energy and Buildings, 2015, 104, 147-155.

17. Liu, W., Zhang, T., Xue, Y., Zhai, Z.J., Wang, J., Wei, Y., and Chen, Q. State-of-the-art methods for inverse design of an enclosed environment. Building and Environment, 2015, 91, 91-100.

16. Liu, W. and Chen, Q. Optimal air distribution design in enclosed spaces using an adjoint method. Inverse Problems in Science & Engineering, 2015, 23(5), 760-779.

15. Chen, C., Liu, W., Lin, C.-H., and Chen, Q.  Comparing the Markov chain model with the eulerian and lagrangian models for indoor transient particle transport simulations. Aerosol Science & Technology, 2015, 49, 857-871.

14. Dai, S., Sun, H., Liu, W., Guo, Y., Jiang, N., and Liu, J. Experimental Study on Characteristics of the Jet Flow from an Aircraft Gasper. Building and Environment, 2015, 93, 278-284.

13. Chen, C., Liu, W., Lin, C.-H., and Chen, Q. A Markov chain model for predicting transient particle transport in enclosed environments. Building and Environment, 2015, 90, 30-36.

12. Chen, C., Liu, W., Lin,C.-H.,and Chen,Q. Accelerating the Lagrangian method for modeling transient particle transport in indoor environments. Aerosol Science & Technology, 2015, 49(5), 351-361.

11. Duan, R., Liu,W., Xu, L., Huang, Y., Li, B., Shen, X., Lin, C., Liu, J., and Chen, Q. Mesh type and number for the CFD simulations of air distribution in an aircraft cabin. Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B: Fundamentals, 2015, 67(6), 489-506.

10. Jin, M., Liu, W. and Chen, Q. Simulating buoyancy-driven airflow in buildings by coarse-grid fast fluid dynamics. Building and Environment, 2015, 85, 144-152.

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2014


9. Jin, M., Liu, W., and Chen, Q. Accelerating fast fluid dynamics with a coarse-grid projection scheme, HVAC&R Research, 2014, 20(8), 932-943.

8. Shen, C., Liu, J., Liu, W., and Wen, J. Establishment and certification of an airliner experimental platform with the stable thermal boundary condition in a full-size aircraft cabin. Journal of HV&AC, China (in Chinese), 2014, 44(7): 75-80.

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2013


7. Liu, W., Wen, J., Lin, C.-H., Liu, J., Long, Z., and Chen, Q. Evaluation of various categories of turbulence models for predicting air distribution in an airliner cabin. Building and Environment, 2013, 65: 118-131.

6. Liu, W. and Chen, Q. Current studies on air distributions in commercial airliner cabins. Theoretical & Applied Mechanics Letters, 2013, 3(6): 1-5.

5. Chen,C., Liu,W., Li, F., Lin, C.-H., Liu, J., Pei, J., and Chen, Q. A hybrid model for investigating transient particle transport in enclosed environments. Building and Environment, 2013, 62: 45-54.

2012

2012 & earlier


4. Liu, W., Long, Z., and Chen,Q. A procedure for predicting pressure loss coefficients of duct fittings using CFD(RP-1493). HVAC&R Research, 2012, 18(6): 1168-1181.

3. Liu, W., Wen, J., Chao, J., Yin, W., Shen, C., Lai, D., Lin, C.-H., Liu, J., Sun, H. and Chen, Q. Accurate and high-resolution boundary conditions and flow fields in the first-class cabin of an MD-82 commercial airliner. Atmospheric Environment, 2012, 56: 33-44.

2. Liu, W., Mazumdar, S., Zhang, Z., Poussou, S., Liu, J., Lin, C.-H., and Chen, Q. State-of-the-art methods for studying air distributions in commercial airliner cabins. Building and Environment, 2012, 47: 5-12.

1. Liu, W., Liu, J., and Ma, Q. Theoretical and experimental study of cleanliness in a clean room with a directional ventilation. Building Science, China (in Chinese), 2010, 26: 76-83.

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Conference Papers



2018


21. Liu, W. and Chen, Q. 2018. Inverse design of indoor environments by a fast fluid dynamics-based adjoint method, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Building Energy and Environment (COBEE 2018), Paper No. 11, 6 pages, Melbourne, Australia.

20. Zhao, X., Liu, W., and Chen, Q. 2018. Optimal design of indoor environment by CFD-based adjoint method with an area constrained topology. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Building Energy and Environment (COBEE 2018), Paper No. 82, 6 pages, Melbourne, Australia.

19. Wei, Y., Liu, W., Xue, Y., Zhai, Z., Chen, Q., and Zhang, T. 2018. Inverse design of enclosed air environment by integrating three methods, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Building Energy and Environment (COBEE 2018), Paper No. 55, 6 pages, Melbourne, Australia.



2017


18. Liu, W. and Chen, Q. 2017. Two coarse grid generation methods for fast fluid dynamics in simulating indoor airflow. Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning (ISHVAC 2017), Jinan, China.

17. Zhao, X., Liu, W., and Chen, Q. 2017. Inverse design of multi-objective problems for indoor environment using a CFD-based adjoint method. Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning (ISHVAC), Jinan, China.



2016


16. Liu, W., You, R., Xue, Y., and Chen, Q. 2016. Comparison and integration of CFD-based genetic algorithm and adjoint method for the inverse design of indoor environment. Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate (Indoor Air 2016), Paper 347, 8 pages, Ghent, Belgium.

15. You, R., Liu, W., Chen, J., Lin, C.-H., Wei, D., and Chen, Q. 2016. Modelling air distribution in aircraft cabins with a simplified gasper model. Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate (Indoor Air 2016), Paper 99, 8 pages, Ghent, Belgium.



2015


14. Liu, W. and Chen, Q. 2015. Implementation of a fast fluid dynamics model in OpenFOAM with unstructured mesh. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning (ISHVAC) and the 3rd International Conference on Building Energy and Environment (COBEE), Tianjin, China. Paper No. T6-679, 8 pages.

13. Chen, C., Liu, W., Lin, C.-H., and Chen, Q. 2015. Accelerating the Lagrangian Method for Modeling Transient Particle Transport in Indoor Environments. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning (ISHVAC) and the 3rd International Conference on Building Energy and Environment (COBEE), Tianjin, China. Paper No. T6-611, 8 pages.

12. Chen, C., Liu, W., Lin, C.-H., and Chen, Q. 2015. A Markov Chain Model for Predicting Transient Particle Transport in Enclosed Environments. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning (ISHVAC) and the 3rd International Conference on Building Energy and Environment (COBEE), Tianjin, China. Paper No. T6-612, 8 pages.

11. Yin, H., Shen, X., Sasanapuri, B., Liu, W., Zhang, Y., Liu, Y., and Chen, Q. 2015. Modeling Environmental Control System for Aircraft by Coupling with Thermal Environment in Air Cabin. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning (ISHVAC) and the 3rd International Conference on Building Energy and Environment (COBEE), Tianjin, China. Paper No. T1-1040, 8 pages.

10. Cao, Q., Liu, Y., Liu, W., Lin, C.-H., Baughcum, S., Norris, S., Wei, D., Long, Z., Shen, X., and Chen, Q. 2015. Experimental study of particle deposition in an air-conditioning cart and the environmental control system of a commercial MD-82 airplane. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning (ISHVAC) and the 3rd International Conference on Building Energy and Environment (COBEE), Tianjin, China. Paper No. T6-987, 9 pages.

9. Liu, Y., Cao, Q., Lin, C.-H., Wei, D., Baughcum, S., Norris, S., Yin, H., Liu, W., Long, Z., Shen, X., Chen, Q. 2015. Determining particle deposition in the environmental control system of a regional jet by empirical models. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning (ISHVAC) and the 3rd International Conference on Building Energy and Environment (COBEE), Tianjin, China. Paper No. T6-1039, 8 pages.

8. You, R., Chen, J., Shi, Z., Liu, W., Lin, C.-H., and Chen, Q. 2015. Experimental and numerical study of gasper-induced airflow in an aircraft cabin mockup. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning (ISHVAC) and the 3rd International Conference on Building Energy and Environment (COBEE), Tianjin, China. Paper No. T6-747, 8 pages.



2014


7. Liu, W. and Chen, Q. 2014. Validation of CFD-based adjoint method in inverse identification of air supply location, size, and parameters. Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Air Distribution in Rooms and Airplane (ROOMVENT 2014), Sao Paulo, Brazil.

6. Duan, R., Liu, W., Huang, Y., Li, J., Li, B., Lin, C.-H., Liu, J., Shen, X., and Chen, Q. 2014. Comparison of mesh type for CFD simulations of air distributions in aircraft cabins. Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Air Distribution in Rooms (ROOMVENT 2014), Sao Paulo, Brazil.



2013


5. Liu, W. and Chen, Q. 2013. An adjoint method for optimal ventilation design. Proceedings of the 13th International Conference of the International Building Performance (BS 2013), Chambery, France.



2012


4. Liu, W., Wen, J., Shen, C., Lin, C.-H., Liu, J. and Chen, Q. 2012. Experimental investigation of air distributions in the first-class cabin of an MD-82 commercial airliner. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Building Energy and Environment (COBEE 2012), Boulder, Colorado, 618-625.



2011


3. Liu, W., Lin, C.-H., Liu, J., and Chen, Q. 2011. Simplifying the geometry of an airliner cabin for CFD simulations. Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate (Indoor Air 2011), Austin, Texas.

2. Wen, J., Liu, W., Mu, X., Lin, C.-H., Liu, J., and Chen, Q. 2011. Thermo-fluid boundary conditions in a commercial aircraft for CFD simulations. Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Air Distribution in Rooms (ROOMVENT 2011), Trondheim, Norway.

1. Chao, J., Mu, Xuan., Liu, W., Wu, H., Liu, J., and Chen, Q. 2011. Rapid construction of a three-dimensional digital geometric model of an airliner cabin for CFD simulations. Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Air Distribution in Rooms (ROOMVENT 2011), Trondheim, Norway.




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